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# 189.Rotate-Array

## 题目描述

Given an array, rotate the array to the right by k steps, where k is non-negative.
Example 1:
Input: [1,2,3,4,5,6,7] and k = 3
Output: [5,6,7,1,2,3,4]
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: [7,1,2,3,4,5,6]
rotate 2 steps to the right: [6,7,1,2,3,4,5]
rotate 3 steps to the right: [5,6,7,1,2,3,4]
Example 2:
Input: [-1,-100,3,99] and k = 2
Output: [3,99,-1,-100]
Explanation:
rotate 1 steps to the right: [99,-1,-100,3]
rotate 2 steps to the right: [3,99,-1,-100]
Note:
Try to come up as many solutions as you can, there are at least 3 different ways to solve this problem.
Could you do it in-place with O(1) extra space?

## 代码

### Approach 1: Using Extra Array

class Solution {
public void rotate(int[] nums, int k) {
int[] a = new int[nums.length];
for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++) {
a[(i + k) % nums.length] = nums[i];
}
for (int i = 0; i < nums.length; i++) {
nums[i] = a[i];
}
}
}
Approach #2 Using Cyclic Replacements Confusion
class Solution {
public void rotate(int[] nums, int k) {
k = k % nums.length;
int count = 0;
for (int start = 0; count < nums.length; start++) {
int current = start;
int prev = nums[start];
do {
int next = (current + k) % nums.length;
int temp = nums[next];
nums[next] = prev;
prev = temp;
current = next;
count++;
} while(start != current);
}
}
}