202.Happy-Number

202. Happy Number

题目地址

题目描述

Write an algorithm to determine if a number is "happy".
A happy number is a number defined by the following process: Starting with any positive integer, replace the number by the sum of the squares of its digits, and repeat the process until the number equals 1 (where it will stay), or it loops endlessly in a cycle which does not include 1. Those numbers for which this process ends in 1 are happy numbers.
Example:
Input: 19
Output: true
Explanation:
12 + 92 = 82
82 + 22 = 68
62 + 82 = 100
12 + 02 + 02 = 1

代码

Approach #1 HashSet

class Solution {
public boolean isHappy(int n) {
Set<Integer> seen = new HashSet<>();
while (n != 1 && !seen.contains(n)) {
seen.add(n);
n = getNext(n);
}
return n == 1;
}
private int getNext(int n) {
int totalSum = 0;
while (n > 0) {
int d = n % 10;
n = n / 10;
totalSum += d * d;
}
return totalSum;
}
}

Approach #2 Floyd's Cycle-Finding Algorithm

class Solution {
public boolean isHappy(int n) {
int slowRunner = n;
int fastRunner = getNext(n);
while (fastRunner != 1 && slowRunner != fastRunner) {
slowRunner = getNext(slowRunner);
fastRunner = getNext(getNext(fastRunner));
}
return fastRunner == 1;
}
private int getNext(int n) {
int totalSum = 0;
while (n > 0) {
int d = n % 10;
n = n / 10;
totalSum += d * d;
}
return totalSum;
}
}